Welcome to the website of the Permanent Representation of France to the OECD!
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development was born after the Second World War but is just as relevant today: economic development, growth and the management of globalisation more than ever require concerted action by States. This relevance is further strengthened by the economic and financial crisis context the world is facing today. The OECD is taking action to help governments overcome the crisis and working to lay the foundations of a stronger and fairer global economy.
France is a founding member of the OECD and particularly involved in the Organisation’s activities. In June 2008, France chaired the OECD Council which meets once a year at ministerial level, in the person of Ms Christine Lagarde, Minister for the Economy, Industry and Employment. The year 2009 will also be the setting of some major events. In the current context of global crisis and implementation of fiscal stimulus packages, the French economic policy was reviewed in March 2009 (OECD Economic Survey of France 2009 and synthesis). Before the end of the year, the environmental and energy policies will also be reviewed, on the basis of the peer review process, one of the Organisation’s key principles.
With its 30 member countries* accounting for three-quarters of global wealth**, the OECD is a unique forum for dialogue and an internationally recognised expertise organisation.
OECD member countries are all attached to the principles of democracy and the market economy and adopt together the decisions and principles enabling the most effective realisation of the aims they pursue together within the Organisation, i.e. searching for prosperity and economic growth and determining optimum modes of governance.
Member countries work in collaboration with the OECD Secretariat, a big research department made up of high-level experts who study modern economic and social trends. OECD methods, based on dialogue, exchange of experience and the evaluation of public policy, have proved their worth and meet with growing success worldwide.
In an economic context marked by the interdependence of economies and territories and currently dominated by uncertainty, quality information is more than ever invaluable. OECD surveys and recommendations help determine policies and reforms implemented throughout the world.
The values common to the OECD and corresponding norms and standards are all points of reference for the most developed countries and, increasingly, for emerging countries.
For the OECD is increasingly destined to open up to the rest of the world. This is shown by the growing importance of non-OECD countries’ in the work conducted by the various OECD bodies and the sustained collaboration with other international organisations like the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, regional banks and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.***
This opening up to the rest of the world has increased and accelerated these past years, notably under the impetus of the current OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
The OECD Council, the Organisation’s decision-making body, thus decided to launch in 2007 a new process of enlargement to five countries (Chile, Estonia, Israel, Russia and Slovenia) with which discussions for membership were opened. Five other countries that had become major players on the world economic scene, namely Brazil, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa, were also offered to strengthen their co-operation with the OECD without ruling out, or making it a precondition, their possible membership at a later stage: this is known as the “enhanced engagement process”. Thus OECD member countries have shown their strong determination to open up and adapt to a world whose major economic equilibria are constantly shifting and whose principal problems can now be usefully addressed only on a global scale.
This website invites you to discover the OECD, an international and multidisciplinary institution. This could also be an opportunity to become better acquainted with the Permanent Representation of France to the OECD and the Representation’s missions as an interface between French administrations and the delegations of foreign countries with which it is in daily contact.
* Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States (1961), Italy (1962), Japan (1964), Finland (1969), Australia (1971), New Zealand (1973), Mexico (1994), Czech Republic (1995), Hungary, Korea, Poland (1996), Slovak Republic (2000).
** 76 percent of global GNY (at current USD)
*** OECD member countries alone provide 97 percent of global official development assistance.